Tanzania: General Information
The United Republic of Tanzania cover an area of 945 097 km² of which a quarter is gazetted as protected areas for game parks and reserves. Tanzania boasts some of the finest wildlife sanctaries in the world. The endless plains of Serengeti, the Caldeira of Ngorongoro, Tarangire and its concentration of wildlife, the spectacular settings of Lake Manyara, the snow capped of Mount Kilimanjaro, the vast and undulating prairie of Mikumi, the herds of elephants in Ruaha, Selous the largest wildlife sanctuary in Africa. There are many other areas of stunning beauty like Katavi National Park, Rubondo, Mkomazi Game Reserve, Mahale and Gombe National Parks. Tanzania is a melange of different cultures include the native Bushmen who inhabitated the Great Rift Valley, the Nilo Hamitics and the Bantus. The Masaai are perhaps the most well known tribe inhabiting the nothern region of the country, beside there are more than 120 tribes in Tanzania, reflecting a rich cultural diversity. The spice islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia is home to the Swahili people, a vibrant mix of Arab, Indian and Bantu origins.
Air Tanzania and Precision air offers a domestic service to some of the major towns. Air Charter is also available. Usually you will be required to pay for flights in hard currency.
There are services from Dar es Salaam to southern part of the country but the service is slow, uncomfortable and some time erratic.
Lake Victoria has a ferry service which connects Port of Mwanza to Kenya side of lake Victoria.
Bus services connect all the main towns but some can be slow, crowded and as they make frequent stops. Minibuses and shared taxis are a good way of getting around. They have fixed rates and leave when full.
240 volts AC, 50-60 Hz. UK-style square three-pin plugs are used.
GMT +3 countrywide.
Tanzania has a tropical climate along the coast but it gets temperate in the highlands. The range of temperatures in Tanzania is fairly limited and always hot during the day, running from 25 C to 30 Con the coast, while the highlands run from 22 C to 27 C It cools down considerably at night, especially around Ngorongoro conservation areas. November / December (short rains) and April / May (long rains), June to September is cool season, October to March being the hottest season.
Visas and Immigration:
Visas are required by all except nationals of East Africa. They can either be obtained in advance through the various Tanzanian High Commissions, Consular Missions abroad or at the airports or other port borders. It is possible to get issued a visa on arrival as long as one satisfies the entry requirements. However, it is advisable that you get your visas before you embark on the trip to Tanzania to avoid unnecessary delay and paper work at point of entry. Passport must be valid at least six months.
Vaccination requirements change from time to time. Yellow Fever vaccinations are mandatory, and we recommend anti-malarial tablets, ask your doctor for more advise. Most prescription drugs can be bought affordably and with ease over the counter in Kampala. Personal travel insurance is essential. It is not advisable to drink tap water, bottled mineral water is available il all htels, restaurants and supermarkets.
English is official language. Kiswahili is national language and many local dialectsi are also widely spoken.
Currently there is three International Airports: Dar es Salaam known as Julius Nyerere International Airpor, Kilimanjaro International Airport near Arusha and Zanzibar International Airport. tA number of international airlines fly direct to Tanzania, among them South Africa Airways, British Airways, Kenya airways, KLM, Emirates, Egypt Air, Ethopian Airways etc. Most major towns have an airstrip as do most National Parks and Game Reserves.
Tanzania Shilling. It is advisable to carry American dollars, Euros, UK pounds or any major hard currency. There are numerous Forex bureaux and Banks in all the main towns. Credit cards are accepted in major hotels and restaurants, but generally it is best to carry cash upcountry.
Gratuities are at the discretion of the client and in Africa there are no percentages. Generally we recommend a tip of 5 to 10 USD per person per day to driver / guide’s. Any taken of appreciation is gladly received by porter’s and waiter’s this can be 3 – 5%.
Light clothing, hats, and sturdy shoes recommended in the nothern Tanzania. During night in areas like Arusha , Ngorongoro highlands a cardigan or pullover is essential. Tanzania’s position on the equator suggests a need for suncream, lotion, sunglasses. Women in area like Zanzibar – coastal region may feel more comfortable wearing clothing that covers their knees and shoulders, but this is not mandatory.
Tanzania is the land of the highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro also host Mount Meru.
Mountain climbing is not recommended to person undergoing medical treatment, the mountain trek is taken at the participant own risk.